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3.3 KiB

# Arduino (Nano) with ATmega328P programming script
# detailed configuration on
# required packages: avrdude gcc-avr avr-libc
# the output firmware name
TARGET = firmware
# the target (arduino nano)
DEVICE = atmega328p
F_CPU = 16000000UL
# the flasher
PROGRAMMER = arduino
PORT = /dev/ttyUSB0
# to flash
# use the aduino bootloader, with a baudrate of 57600
# reset the device to start (optiboot) bootloader
FLASHER = avrdude -p $(DEVICE) -c $(PROGRAMMER) -P $(PORT) -b 115200 -D
# compiler executables
CC = avr-gcc
OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
SIZE = avr-size
# library directories, compiler, and linker flags
LIBS = lib
CFLAGS = -g -Wall -Werror -Os -mcall-prologues -std=c99
CFLAGS += -I. $(patsubst %,-I%,$(LIBS))
CFLAGS += -mmcu=$(DEVICE) -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)
AFLAGS = -Wall -Werror -x assembler-with-cpp
AFLAGS += -I. $(patsubst %,-I%,$(LIBS))
AFLAGS += -mmcu=$(DEVICE)
LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
LDFLAGS += -I. $(patsubst %,-I%,$(LIBS))
LDFLAGS += -mmcu=$(DEVICE)
# floating point printf version (requires -lm below)
LDFLAGS += -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt
# math library
LDFLAGS += -lm
# source files to compile
CSRC = $(wildcard *.c) $(foreach LIB,$(LIBS),$(wildcard $(LIB)/*.c))
ASRC = $(wildcard *.S) $(foreach LIB,$(LIBS),$(wildcard $(LIB)/*.S))
# header files
HEADER = $(SRC:.c=.h)
# object files
OBJ = $(patsubst %.c,%.o,$(CSRC)) $(patsubst %.S,%.o,$(ASRC))
# listing files
LST = $(patsubst %.c,%.lst,$(CSRC)) $(patsubst %.S,%.lst,$(ASRC))
all: compile flash
$(info EEPROM has to be programmed separately)
debug: CFLAGS += -DDEBUG
debug: map lst all
# reset board by setting DTR
# the capacitor on DTR with create a pulse on RESET
# after reset the bootloader is start
# the bootloader can be used to reflash the device
stty 115200 raw ignbrk hup < $(PORT)
# flash the device using the internal bootloader
flash: $(TARGET).hex reset
$(FLASHER) -U flash:w:$<:i
# write EEPROM on the device (optiboot has EEPROM capabilities disabled by default)
eeprom: $(TARGET)_eeprom.hex reset
$(FLASHER) -U eeprom:w:$<:i
# write bootloader (optiboot) and fuses
wget -O $@
bootloader: bootloader.hex
avrdude -p $(DEVICE) -c usbtiny -U lfuse:w:0xff:m -U hfuse:w:0xda:m -U efuse:w:0x05:m -U flash:w:$<:i
# create main target firmware
compile: $(TARGET).elf
$(SIZE) --format=avr --mcu=$(DEVICE) $(TARGET).elf
# C + ASM file
lst: $(TARGET).lst
# contains global and static variables
map: $(TARGET).map
# compile source files
%.o: %.c
$(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c -o $@ $<
%.o: %.S
$(CC) $(AFLAGS) -c -o $@ $<
# link compiled files
%.elf: $(OBJ)
$(info elf)
$(CC) $(LDFLAGS) -o $@ $^
$(TARGET).map: $(OBJ)
$(CC) $(LDFLAGS) -Wl,-Map=$@,--cref -o /dev/null $^
# create extended listing for additional information
%.lst: %.elf
$(OBJDUMP) --section-headers --source $< > $@
# create flashable ihex from firmware
%.hex: %.elf
$(OBJCOPY) --only-section .text --only-section .data --output-target ihex $< $@
%_eeprom.hex: %.elf
$(OBJCOPY) --only-section .eeprom --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 --output-target ihex $< $@
rm -f $(TARGET) $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET)_eeprom.hex $(TARGET).elf $(TARGET).lst $(TARGET).map $(LST) $(OBJ)